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Sphakia Survey: The Internet Edition

Calcareous Fabrics

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Fabric Group

Description

Shapes

Chronology

Distribution

14. Red Brown Calcareous Ware

Red Brown Calcareous Ware is characterized by red brown surfaces and brown cores. The dominant inclusion is subangular bits of a calcereous inclusion which varies in size from microscopic to 0.5mm. Densities of sherds in this fabric vary from 25-40%. In addition to calcareous, small amounts of phyllite, felspar, claystone, quartz, ferrous and mica may be present. Surfaces are frequently burnished.

This is a cooking ware fabric, and shapes include small round handles, flat bases, and tripod feet with flat oval sections.

The shapes indicate that this ware must continue as late as Middle Minoan II (as it does in Khania Area Survey Project), but its association with Hearth Ware suggests that it may start as early as Final Neolithic. Its main period seems to be Early Minoan.

Sphakia Regions 1(1), 2(3), 3(6), 4(9), 5(4), 6(4) and 8(9). It is found in all regions except for Region 7.

It is also found in the Khania Area Survey Project and Ag. Vasilios Valley Survey Project areas, where it seems to be contemporary with Sphakia.

It also occurs in Vrokastro Survey Project, where it seems to be largely Early Minoan in date.

 

11-12/22.1P58

 

 

Diakymi (3.09)


   
     
 

15. Orangey Calcareous Ware

This fabric is characterized by orange surfaces and grey or brown cores with calcareous and small amounts of other mixed inclusions. The calcareous can appear as microfossils suggesting aeolianite as a possible source. While the calcareous dominates, other inclusions present may include quartz, quartz phyllite, silver mica, phyllite, soft red siltstone, chert, or magnetite in a density of about 25%. Maximum inclusion sizes are usually 2mm.

This Calcareous fabric is a jar ware. Its shapes suggest medium sized bowls, jugs or jars.

This fabric is hard to date, but it is clearly associated with other Middle Minoan I-II shapes at Birmani (7.12).

None of the sites it is associated with suggest that it is later than Middle Minoan II nor earlier that Early Minoan II

Sphakia Regions 2(1), 7(14), 8 (5). It is distributed primarily in eastern Sphakia. The strongly skewed topographic distribution of this ware suggests that it is local to Region 7.

It is a common Middle Minoan I-II fabric in Khania and Khania Area Survey Project. And known in Vrokastro Survey Project and Ag. Vasilios Valley Survey Project.

 

31/20-21.1P03-04

31/20-21.1P05-09

31/20-21.1PSE-01

FK Thermokipi (8.53)




 
 
   
 

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