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Sphakia Survey: The Internet Edition

Phyllite Fabrics

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Fabric Group

Description

Shapes

Chronology

Distribution

11. Greasy Blue Phyllite

A rosy red to red surface with a greyish or same coloured core. The surface has a distinctive "greasy" feel and burnishes easily. The grits are blue to pink in colour and have been identified by petrography as phyllite.

Usually handbuilt thick bodied sherds, but it can also occur in thinner, carefully worked shapes, including a small footed shape (Aradena (3.20) P05), and 2 examples of herringbone incised decoration (Livaniana Akropolis (5.01) P09).

Most likely Late Minoan IIIC to Geometric-Archaic.

In Sphakia this fabric is not terribly common except at one site: Potamos Kitrogiannis in the Madhares (2.01). It occurs in small quantities at most of our "Early Iron Age" sites (exceptions include Biri Avlochi, Goni Cistern, West of Old Ag. Roumeli). It occurs at Hyrtakina (Greek-Roman) in Selino to the west, and at Myrthios Kirimianou (Early Iron Age) in Ag. Vasilios to the east (It is unknown on any other Early Iron Age sites in Ag. Vasilios). Moody has also seen this fabric in material from the Gavdhos Survey directed by Katerina Kopaka.

 

16/25.1P10

 

 

Palaiolakkos (4.13)


   
     
 

12. Coconut Ware

A very hard,thin,redbrown to pinkish (5yr6/4) surface with a dark grey core (2.5yr5/0) with large (up to 7.5mm), slightly lustrous, white rhomboidal shaped inclusions, identified by petrography as phyllite. Other inclusions can include ferrous rocks, and sandstone. Always wheelmade. Raised band with stamped rosette.

Large jars, jugs.

The likeliest date for this fabric is Early Greek (Geometric-Archaic?)

Sphakia Regions 2, 3, 4, 5, 7. Most common in the west and north, suggesting its source to be Selino. It occurs at the Early Iron Age citadels of Kolokasia Kastello, and Myrthios Kirimianthou and the Greek city of Hyrtakina.

So far, one or two pieces from Early Iron Age-Greek sites in Ag. Vasilios Valley Survey Project. Unknown in Vrokastro Survey Project, but Moody has seen an Archaic pithos in the Sitia Museum made of this fabric.

 

17/24.3G01

 

10-11/34.1G01

Limnia Tombs (4.26)


Klisidhia 1 (2.11)


   
         

13. Phyllite Cooking

Brown to redbrown surface with a red brown cores. Dense, large phyllite inclusions. Quartz is also present, along with felspar, qf, claystone, or traces of silver mica. Particle sizes range up to 2mm and densities are 30%.

Cooking basins and tripods.

This fabric is commonest on sites with Late Minoan material

Sphakia Regions 2 (2), 3 (1), 4 (3), 5 (2), 6 (1), 7 (1), 8 (1).

The common cooking ware in western Sphakia (basins, tripods, etc.), but in east Sphakia, where the common cooking ware is mixed metamorphic, it shows up only in the basin shape.

 

31/20-21.1P01-22B

 

 

FK Thermokipi (8.53)


   
     
 
   
 

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