Region 8 Case Study Questions

Please choose one of the following questions to work through and make note of your answers on paper. For each question you will need to open one or more of the databases. PLEASE NOTE: Some of the searches will bring back lots of results so you may need to wait a minute or so for the results to display.

1. AGIASMATSI CAVE ASSEMBLAGE

i. What makes the pottery assemblage of the Agiasmatsi Cave (8.61) distinctive?

Open the Region 8 Ceramics database. First select FUNCTION in the CHOOSE FIELD TO SORT BY list. Then enter 8.61 in the SITE NUMBER field. What sort of assemblage do you find?

ii. Think about the range of non-pottery finds.

Open the Region 8 Small Finds database and enter 8.61 in SITE NUMBER. What sort of range of small finds is there?

 

 

2. DOMESTIC ASSEMBLAGES

Compare the results for Agiasmatsi Cave with the assemblages from (e.g.) Trochali (8.23), Patsianos Kephala (8.30), Ag. Eustratigos (8.38) and Patsianos Village (8.42). Do they have the same balance between the different pottery functions? or the same range of non-pottery finds?

Use the Region 8 Ceramics database and Small Finds database to look at the information for each site. You can find the relevant data by entering the
appropriate site number into the SITE NUMBER field.

 

 

3. BEEHIVES

i. What sort of places do beehives come from? What inferences can be drawn about beekeeping in Region 8?

Open the Region 8 Ceramics database. In the FUNCTION field, select 'Beehive'.

ii. From which Regions do beehives come? At what sort of sites are beehives found? How typical of Sphakia as a whole is Region 8?

To do this open the Site database. In the ARTEFACT COMMENT field, select 'Beehive'.

 

 

4. IMPORTS

i. From what sorts of places is pottery being imported?

Open the Region 8 Ceramics database. In the ORIGIN field, choose from the list of origins and explore the results. Try several different places of origin in turn and compare the results, and consider the next question.

ii. What types of vessels are particularly diagnostic concerning origins?

Again in the Region 8 Ceramics database, select FUNCTION in the CHOOSE FIELD TO SORT BY list. Then carry out searches for several different places of origin and compare the values in the FUNCTION field.

 

 

5. FABRICS

i. Is there a correlation between the fabric of a vessel and its date?

Open the Region 8 Ceramics database. Carry out a number of searches with different fabric types. What do you notice about the dates for different fabrics?

ii. Is there a correlation between the fabric of a vessel and its shape or function? Is 'Chip' or 'Mixed Metamorphic' used for Table wares?

In the Region 8 Ceramics database choose DECORATED TABLE in the FUNCTION field. Repeat the operation but this time with PLAIN TABLE in the FUNCTION field.

What types of fabric and inclusions are used for Cooking vessels and why?

In the Region 8 Ceramics database choose FOOD COOKING in the FUNCTION field.

iii. Is there a correlation between the softness or hardness of a vessel and its date?

In the Region 8 Ceramics database select 'soft' in the HARDNESS field. What proportion of the total sherds found date before Roman? Repeat the operation with 'hard'.

iv. Is there a correlation between surface colour of a vessel and its date?

In the Region 8 Ceramics database select 'orange' in the SURFACE COLOUR field. Repeat the operation with'buff'.

 

 

6. SITES

i. What sorts of sites are found in Region 8?

In the Site database, enter 8 in the SITE NUMBER field (which will return only those sites in Region 8). Analyse the information in the FUNCTION field.

ii. How do the sites differ in size?

Repeat the operation as described above, this time analyzing the SCATTER SIZE field.

iv. How do the sites vary over time?

Repeat the operation as described above, this time analyzing the Graeco-Roman PHASE field. Look also at the maps showing Region 8 sites of Greek and of Roman date (you can get to the maps by using the "Databases and Other Resources" listing in the frame to the right of this one).

 

 

7. REGIONS

How has usage varied in the different regions over time?

i. How have the coastal regions been used?

Open the Site database. Use the clickable map to select the smallest region on the coast (Region 5). Look at the phases during which sites were used and read the FUNCTION field for information about how the site may have been used.

ii. Compare your conclusions for Region 5 with Region 7 which is inland.

Use the clickable map to select Region 7. Look at the phases during which sites were used and read the FUNCTION field. Compare your conclusions with those for Region 5.

iii. Now think about Region 2, which is also inland.

Use the clickable map to select Region 2. Look at the phases during which sites were used and read the FUNCTION field. Why is it so different from the other Regions?