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Sphakia Survey: The Internet Edition

Zones, Regions and Sites

The deme,formerly eparchy (modern administrative district) of Sphakia has a large area, 472 sq. km.

We decided that it would be appropriate to discuss Sphakia in smaller units, so we divided it into eight regions, from west to east. They are:

Region 1: Trypiti Gorge - Samaria
Region 2: Madhares
Region 3: Agios Ioannis - Papadiana - Aradena
Region 4: Anopoli
Region 5: Ilingas - Loutro - Livaniana
Region 6: Khora Sphakion - Sphakiano Gorge - Mouri
Region 7: Askyphou - Niato
Region 8: Frangokastello

 

On the web site you can look at the following information on zones, regions and sites

  • View an interactive map of the 8 regions studied in the survey and find out about the sites studied in each

   

Within each of the regions we have identified individual sites. A site is a locus of human activity. The evidence collected by the Survey suggests different site functions, such as settlement; religious (cave sanctuary, temple, church); economic (bee-keeping, shepherding). We have recorded 315 sites ranging in date from ca 3000 B.C. to A.D. 1900, at altitudes from sea level to 2335 metres.

We also divided Sphakia into eight environmental zones:

1 Coasts and Coastal Plains
2 Lower Slopes
3 Basins and Mountain plains
4 Gorges and Cliffs
5 Middle Slopes
6 Upper Slopes
7 Mountain Desert
8 Madhares

All regions include more than one environmental zone, as seen in the following table.

Environmental Zones

1

Coasts and Coastal Plains

2

Lower Slopes

3

Basins and Mountain plains

4

Gorges and Cliffs

5

Middle Slopes

6

Upper Slopes

7

Mountain Desert

8

Madhares

Region

1 Trypiti - Samaria

x

x

 

x

x

x

   

2 Madhares

           

x

x

3 Ag. Ioannis

x

x

 

x

x

     

4 Anopolis

 

x

x

 

x

     

5 Loutro

x

x

           

6 Khora Sphakion

x

x

 

x

x

     

7 Askyphou

   

x

 

x

     

8 Frangokastello

x

x

x

x

x

     

 

   
 

   © The Sphakia Survey: Internet Edition, University of Oxford 2000
    Designed and Developed by ACDT at University of Oxford
    This page last updated